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Unshakable Optimism Engulfs Markets with Job Surge and Rate Talks


Robert Tavares

April 5, 2024 - 15:52 pm


Optimism Persists in Markets Amid Strong Jobs Report and Elevated Interest Rates

As the week concludes, the stock market is radiating with positivity, spurred by an outstanding jobs report that hints at the ongoing robustness of the U.S. economy. This vigor bodes well for Corporate America and has kept the possibility of persistent elevated interest rates in active discussion.

Economic Resilience Fuels Market Optimism

The end of the week has seen equity markets rebound from their dismal performance earlier in the week, which had placed the S&P 500 on a trajectory for its most significant weekly loss this year. The new-found optimism is deeply rooted in the belief that a sustaining strong economy minimizes the urgency for the Federal Reserve to switch gears towards easing its policies.

The catalyst for this renewed market optimism was none other than another hawkish reassessment within the bond market. Treasury yields witnessed a notable increase, with the trading community scaling back their predictions for an interest rate cut in June or July. This adjustment suggests consensus is leaning towards an expectation for fewer than three rate cuts within the current year.

March brought with it an astonishing increase in U.S. payrolls - 303,000 new jobs were added, surpassing all prior forecasts. We observed a slight decline in the unemployment rate to 3.8 percent, while wages saw healthy growth. Notably, there was an uptick in workforce participation, which collectively underscores the labor market's paramount role in steering the economy forward.

George Mateyo, a leading voice at Key Wealth, encapsulated the situation succinctly: "Bang! Employment up, rate cuts need to come out," he declared. Mateyo alludes to the likelihood that the Fed will have to rethink its planned triple rate cut for the year, a reconsideration driven by bullish economic performance.

In response to this economic upturn, market indices responded positively; the S&P 500 edged towards the 5,190 mark, and the Nasdaq 100 enjoyed a rise of 1 percent. A noticeable seven basis-point surge pushed Treasury 10-year yields to 4.38 percent.

Giuseppe Sette of Toggle AI raised an important question reflecting on this situation, asking, "When the job market is so strong and inflation persists, why should the Fed consider cutting rates at all?" This sentiment is echoed across Wall Street, where many are inclined to place greater importance on consumer spending and corporate earnings over the potential schedule and quantity of Federal rate cuts.

Chris Zaccarelli of Independent Advisor Alliance offered a deeper insight into this sentiment: "The number of rate cuts and their timing — be it June or July — isn't as crucial as whether the Fed is in a rate cutting mode at all," he noted. Zaccarelli proposes that whether the cuts amount to four, three, or two in the year 2024, each could be beneficial for the stock market. Conversely, if rate cuts are eliminated or an increase is introduced, this could spell trouble for market confidence.

Glen Smith from GDS Wealth Management shared his perspective on the exuberance expressed in the jobs report: "The exceptional strength of the labor market confirms that both corporations and the broader economy are effectively adapting to the high-interest rate environment," he observed.

In-Depth Expert Views on Jobs and Fed Policy

The labor market's vigor fuels varied predictions among financial experts regarding the Federal Reserve's future moves:

Preston Caldwell from Morningstar suggests that the job market presents neither significant weakness, which would necessitate an immediate rate cut, nor tightness that would hinder such a cut. Upcoming Fed decisions are likely to be heavily swayed by forthcoming inflation data. For full details, readers can engage with Caldwell's detailed analysis through Morningstar's financial insights.

Seema Shah at Principal Asset Management expressed optimism from a foundational viewpoint, while keenly awaiting next week's pivotal inflation number. Despite the anticipation of a rate cut in June, the impending Consumer Price Index (CPI) report could have substantial sway on her forecast and the basic policy narrative, given the substantial economic strength.

Jason Pride at Glenmede quipped, "Oops, we did it again," playfully indicating yet another occasion where job market performance has surpassed expectations. He suggests that while the employment report alone doesn't redefine the Fed's rate cut itinerary, it could be a contributing argument for only two cuts in 2024, as opposed to three.

Mike Sanders at Madison Investments notes that the compelling data from the jobs report, coupled with recent economic figures, are quickly changing market perceptions about the timing of the Fed's rate cuts — pushing the likelihood from June to possibly as late as September. Sanders holds that while cuts are still anticipated, the urgency for action from the Fed appears mitigated.

Sonu Varghese at Carson Group sees the robust jobs number as an indicator of a far-from-recessionary economy, which likely postpones any immediate Fed rate cuts. However, easing wage growth signals we aren't amidst an inflation surge driven by the labor market.

Jim Baird from Plante Moran Financial Advisors interprets the current labor economy as steadfast and evidences no indication of faltering in the near term. This leaves little room for the Fed to declare an imminent rate cut with any sense of urgency.

Josh Jamner of ClearBridge Investments views the strong job statistics as reducing the need for Fed intervention through rate cuts, albeit the impact on Fed's future decisions might be modulated by a cooperative wage landscape. He anticipates that next week's inflation data will likely prove more influential on the Fed's approach.

Mark Hamrick at Bankrate admires the resilience shown in the March employment report, reaffirming that the economy keeps defying obstacles such as high interest rates and fears of significant downturns. Hamrick underscores the question of 'when' versus 'if' the Fed may opt to initiate interest rate cuts to combat inflation.

Michelle Cluver at Global X, while acknowledging uncertainties regarding the timing of the Fed's initial rate cut, finds continued labor market strength encouraging for economic prospects. Cluver emphasizes that aligned wage pressure projections provide a silver lining amidst a hot labor market report.

David Russell at TradeStation highlights the strength and incremental growth of the economy and flags the upcoming CPI as a critical test for the Federal Reserve's decisions. The persistent strength hasn't ruled out a June rate cut, but next week's inflation report is a highly anticipated event that could hold sway over the bearish market's momentum.

Alexandra Wilson-Elizondo of Goldman Sachs Asset Management notes that the labor market's performance, which exceeded expectations with 300,000+ jobs, still demonstrates sustainable strength without overheating. Notably, she maintains a perspective that the Fed will introduce rate cuts later in the year to ensure a smooth economic landing, despite signs of waning macro momentum.

Alex McGrath of NorthEnd Private Wealth drew attention to the recurring theme of massive jobs beats, which complicates the Federal Reserve's position. McGrath interprets that the hoped-for Fed rate cuts are now seemingly less attainable, as the financial community braces for a prolonged period of heightened rates.

Rob Swanke at Commonwealth Financial offered insights that despite the unexpected strength of the labor market numbers, stable unemployment rates, and average hourly earnings have had little influence on the expectations for a June rate cut. But the incremental improvement in participation and average work hours could bolster real income and expenditure in the economy without inflicting inflationary pressure.

Chris Larkin from E*TRADE, now part of Morgan Stanley, suggests that the robust jobs report may not extinguish hope for a June rate cut but has substantially narrowed the odds. The pending CPI and Producer Price Index (PPI) will be critical in understanding the market’s reaction and confidence in the Fed's determination to reduce rates in the third quarter.

Joe Gaffoglio at Mutual of America Capital Management remains enthusiastic about the labor market's resilience mirrored in the jobs report. This report, even with adjustments to prior figures, emphasizes the labor market's strength amidst an economy largely impervious to the impacts of heightened rates.

Richard Flynn from Charles Schwab UK points to the jobs data as a clear indication of robust demand within the labor market. The Fed's optimism is further bolstered by its recent elevation of the longer-run expectations for the neutral interest rate, representing a balance between limiting economic harm and maintaining control over inflation.

Bryce Doty at Sit Investment Associates expressed perplexity over the sudden influx of individuals into the workforce, considering the multitude of job openings available for years. He stresses a cautious view regarding the actual underlying strength of the jobs data for the economy and anticipates modest rate cuts in the latter parts of the year.

Corporate Developments and Market Moves

In the realm of corporate movements, several high-profile transactions and policy changes have stirred the financial sector:

  • Tesla Inc. is taking significant strides in pricing strategy adjustments for its top-selling vehicles, aiming to alleviate its largest inventory buildup yet.
  • Johnson & Johnson has finalized an agreement to take over Shockwave Medical Inc. for an approximate total of $13.1 billion, a strategic move to expand into the production of medical devices catering to heart disease treatment.
  • Meta Platforms Inc., widely known as the parent entity of social media giants Facebook and Instagram, is forging ahead with policy alterations to heighten the allowance of AI-generated content across its platforms, irrespective of potential misleading content concerns.
  • Delays are in the cards for Chesapeake Energy Corp.'s acquisition of Southwestern Energy Co., valued at $7.4 billion, pushed to the second half of the year due to antitrust regulatory bodies' requests for additional information.

A Snapshot of Main Market Movements

Finally, a concise overview of key market performances reflects the above-discussed economic trends:

In the stock market, the S&P 500 ascended by 0.8 percent in the New York midday, while the Nasdaq 100 rose by 1 percent and the Dow Jones Industrial Average saw a moderate 0.5 percent growth. However, the Stoxx Europe 600 dipped by 0.9 percent, and the MSCI World index experienced a minimal rise of 0.2 percent.

Currency exchange rates remained relatively stable, with minor alterations observed in the Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index, the euro, the British pound, and the Japanese yen.

In the cryptocurrency arena, Bitcoin and Ether exhibited nominal drops of 0.3 percent and 0.5 percent, respectively.

Bonds witnessed the yield on 10-year Treasuries climbing by seven basis points to 4.38 percent. Similarly, yields in Germany and Britain experienced modest inclines.

The commodities market presented an upward movement, with West Texas Intermediate crude advancing by 0.9 percent and spot gold increasing notably by 1.5 percent.

For further market details and investment guidance, stakeholders and interested readers are encouraged to explore E*TRADE's insights by Morgan Stanley at E*TRADE Financial Investing.

In conclusion, the U.S. labor market's resilience and the broader economic landscape continue to shape investor sentiment and monetary policy expectations. The coming weeks, marked by crucial economic data releases, will likely offer further clarity on the Fed's trajectory and the stock market's ongoing narrative.