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99 Cents Only Stores Bankruptcy Marks Retail Shift


Lauren Miller

April 8, 2024 - 07:55 am


Bargain Retail Chain 99 Cents Only Stores Files for Bankruptcy Amid Economic Challenges

In a significant turn of events for the American discount retail landscape, 99 Cents Only Stores LLC officially declared bankruptcy, following previous reports of its financial distress. This decision comes after the company revealed in April its intentions to cease operations, marking the end of an era for the deep-discount store recognized for its low-priced products.

99 Cents Only Store signage

The California-headquartered company, with its iconic price point, took the difficult path of seeking Chapter 11 protection in a filing in Delaware. Declaring assets and liabilities each in the range of $1 billion to $10 billion, 99 Cents Only Stores has made its financial woes official. This move represents a significant shakeup in the retail industry, particularly in the budget-friendly segment of the market.

As part of its bankruptcy proceedings, 99 Cents Only Stores has organized a debtor-in-possession (DIP) financing arrangement amounting to $60.8 million. This critical funding is acquired with the primary objective of ensuring a smooth transition during its wind-down. The company aims to utilize these funds for operational needs while it actively seeks a buyer to maximize the value obtained from the sale of its real estate and other relevant assets. This statement was made public through an official release, further solidifying the company's resolve to manage its current financial predicaments effectively.

The Struggle to Stay Afloat

The journey that led to the current bankruptcy for 99 Cents Only Stores has been far from sudden. For years, the retailer has been grappling with accumulating losses, and the company has engaged in several sale-leaseback deals as a strategy to inject liquidity into its cash reserves. These financial maneuvers have been part of a broader tactic to maintain solvency and operational momentum.

However, the economic landscape has continued to present considerable challenges. Inflation, in particular, has served as a significant stressor on the company’s core customer base, which consists largely of budget-conscious consumers looking for the best deals to stretch their dollars. The credit grader Moody’s Investors Service highlighted the impact of these economic conditions when it announced a downgrade for the company in November, signaling growing market concern over 99 Cents Only Stores’ financial health.

A Preview of the Crisis

The story of the retailer’s financial turmoil was earlier brought into the spotlight by Bloomberg, which reported on the company’s exploration of debt restructuring options. This information foreshadowed the eventual bankruptcy filing that has now culminated in a definitive action to address the retailer's debts. The question that now emerges is what the future holds for 99 Cents Only Stores and its legacy in the discount retail market.

Securing the Future with Debt Financing

To navigate through bankruptcy, 99 Cents Only Stores has been able to procure a substantial sum in the form of senior secured super-priority debtor-in-possession financing. This financing class, often referred to as DIP financing, provides the company with a financial safety net so it can manage regular operations amidst the challenging bankruptcy proceedings.

The DIP financing is a specialized form of bridge funding that allows companies under the protection of Chapter 11 to access immediate cash flow. This, in turn, supports daily business operations while the company is actively engaged in a restructuring or sale process. Therefore, securing such a hefty amount is a clear indicator of the strategic measures 99 Cents Only Stores is taking to ensure a stable, albeit transitional, operational capacity.

The Inflation Effect on Budget Stores

Inflation remains one of the most significant factors impacting 99 Cents Only Stores and its clientele. In an economy marked by rising prices, even the most cost-effective retailers feel the pressure as customers' purchasing power diminishes. Analysts, such as those from Moody's Investors Service, have pointed out that persistent inflationary pressure could undermine the very foundation of the discount retail business model that chains like 99 Cents Only rely on to appeal to their customer base.

The Unraveling of a Discount Giant

Looking back at the history of 99 Cents Only Stores, we can observe an ambitious expansion since its inception. Founded on the premise of offering goods at the fixed price of 99 cents, the chain rapidly gained recognition for its ability to provide a wide assortment of products at hard-to-beat prices. Yet, as time progressed, so did the challenges, with competition intensifying and the cost of goods increasing—factors that jointly put a significant strain on the retailer's operational model.

The Path Forward for Discount Retail

What the bankruptcy of 99 Cents Only Stores heralds for the discount retail sector as a whole is a matter of considerable analysis. As experts and companies alike scrutinize the implications, it's clear that survival in this space might require a reinvention of strategies and perhaps a reevaluation of what it means to offer value to cost-conscious consumers.

Reimagining Discount Retail

As 99 Cents Only Stores enters this new phase, there is much to consider about the future of discount retailing. Companies in this sector may need to reimagine their business strategies to cater to a marketplace that has changed significantly over the years. This could mean diversifying product offerings, investing in e-commerce, or finding new ways to maintain low costs without compromising on quality.

Assistance and Acknowledgements

In its report, Bloomberg acknowledges the assistance of contributors such as David Hall, who have added insight into the current situation faced by 99 Cents Only Stores. This collaborative approach underscores the complexity of reporting on such significant business developments.

For more information on the store’s history and the wider implications of its bankruptcy proceedings, interested readers can engage with comprehensive coverage and analysis provided by Bloomberg through the following link.

Looking Beyond the Discounts

It's not only about slashed price tags—it's about survival, adaptability, and foresight in the fast-paced world of retail. The tale of 99 Cents Only Stores is a lesson for others in the industry, serving as a cautionary example of what can occur when market conditions shift and consumer behaviors evolve without equivalent responses from businesses.

Final Reflection

The bankruptcy of 99 Cents Only Stores may signify a critical junction in the discount retail market's narrative. As the company charts its course through Chapter 11 protection, seeking avenues for asset sales and potential acquisition, observers of the retail sector will keenly watch to see how these efforts unfold and what ripple effects may emerge across the industry.


The declaration of bankruptcy by 99 Cents Only Stores is indeed a pronounced statement about the viability of the deep-discount retail model in today's economic climate. With pressures such as inflation and competitive markets exerting influence over consumer choices, businesses like 99 Cents Only must find a path through these challenges to emerge in a transformed, perhaps more sustainable form. As the company leverages its DIP financing for the wind-down process, the retail world watches to learn from its journey.

(C)2024 Bloomberg L.P. This documentation and reportage represent a thorough examination of the current state of 99 Cents Only Stores and the broader implications for the retail industry. All rights reserved.